Moon rocks turn out to be wetter and stranger

Since the original analyses of lunar rock samples brought back by the Apollo astronauts is has been widely accepted that they are almost totally anhydrous. Some even contain pristine metallic iron with not a trace of rust after more than 4 billion years. So, therefore, the entire Moon should be bone dry, except for possible rimes of ice preserved in deeply shadowed polar craters. This lack of water is one line of evidence used to support the Moon’s origin in a stupendous collision between the early Earth and a smaller companion planet shortly after their accretion. The event may have depleted volatile elements and compounds in the incandescent vaporised rock from which the Moon is believed to have condensed. There are traces of water in glass spherules from lunar dust, but that might have come from the impactors that blasted them from craters. But at this year’s Lunar and Planetary Science Conference – the fortieth since the first Apollo landing – evidence for water in lunar minerals was presented (Hand, E. 2010. Old rocks drown dry Moon theory. Nature, v. 464, p. 150-151). The water is in apatite grains that occur as crystals in lunar maria basalts, so must have come from the Moon’s mantle through partial melting. Modelling suggests tens of thousand time more water in the lunar interior than believed previously, albeit still much less than in the Earth. Equally surprising is the water’s isotopic composition: it has a much greater proportion of deuterium (2H) relative to hydrogen (1H) than does water in terrestrial igneous rocks. The giant impact hypothesis suggests that the proportions should be the same in both bodies. One possibility is that a fortuitous comet delivered water to a dried-out hot moon soon after it has coalesced from and orbiting incandescent cloud. Hopefully a full publication will appear soon.



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